All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s research proposal.


Manuscripts will be reviewed by the editorial office if it is felt that the work was not carried out within an ethical issue.


In order to check the originality of the papers, all papers are submitted to to avoid or detect any plagarism.

Open Access

Research Hub provide immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Copyright Notice

Copyright of articles that appear in the journal belongs exclusively to Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar nature.

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Publication fee

There is no publication fee.

Review Process

All papers published in this journal will be reviewed at national and international level (see editorial board).